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Hardware / Technical

 
  
                  Speaker Microphone Pin Out
                  Dual PTT Switching
                  Programming Cable
                  SMA Antenna Connection
                  Extended Antenna Threads
                  Cloning Cables
                  Erratic Charger Behavior

 
 
 
 

 



  
Speaker Microphone Pin Out
 
3.5mm Plug     
Sleeve Mic –      PTT     Rx Data     (to the radio)
Ring Mic +
Tip +V                (from the radio) 

2.5mm Plug
  
  
Sleeve Speaker –    PTT     Data GND
Ring TX Data      (from the radio)
Tip Speaker +
 
Connect Sleeve to Sleeve for PTT

Note: This plug is Anytone, Baofeng, Kenwood and Wouxun compatible.
 
 

Graphic by electronicholas

 
 
  
Dual PTT Switch
Baofeng UV-82 series

A standard single button remote spkr/micr will select Display B (the bottom display) when keyed.

There are earpiece/microphones available that incorporate two PTT buttons. The wiring configuration for these is shown below.

Connecting contacts X to A will key the transmit channel in the upper display.  Connecting X to B will key the lower channel.

 

 
Recently, a Dual PTT Spkr/Micr was put on the market for the UV82 series. The top button selects display A, the side button selects display B.   Info_here
 
Keep in mind, this microphone was designed for radios having the Dual PTT option as part of the radio.  Adding the extra switch to the microphone will Not add the function to your radio.
 
  

PROGRAMMING CABLES
for Anytone, Kenwood, Wouxun, Baofeng
 

Provided by Jim KC9HI, Paul AE5JU
 
 
The RXD line from the module goes to the sleeve of the 3.5MM plug.
   
The TXD  line from the module goes to the   ring   of the 2.5MM plug.
    
The
GND line from the module goes to the sleeve of the 2.5MM plug.

  
There are several variations of CP2102 boards available.
The pin location and labels may vary.
 
Below are two examples.
   
Builders Note: Some boards have the TXD and RXD pin labels reversed.  If your cable does not work, switch the TXD and RXD wires.
 
 
 



 
Below is a sample cable constructed by Jim, KC9HI
An excellent project for a new ham.

  A Project describing how to build a programming cable can be found HERE
 


Radios requiring a 3 pin 3.5mm plug,
BTech UV-2501/5001, QYT KT8900 / KT-UV980, Juentai JT6188, etc
use the following configuration.

 A Project describing how to build a programming cable can be found HERE
 
 

The Leixen series (VV808 / 898)
requires an 8 contact RJ45 connector
A Project describing how to build a cable using an RJ-45 be found HERE
 
 

The CP2102 USB-UART is by Silicon Labs and can be found on eBay ($2).
Windows, MAC and Linux drivers can be downloaded at: 
SiLabs_Drivers
 
 
Builders Note: Using an old Cloning or Programming Cable/Plug may not work.  The wires in some are hair thin and many can't be soldered.
 
  
  
 
PROGRAMMING CABLES
for Baofeng UV-3R
 
 
  
  
  
ANTENNA CONNECTION
     
Most  Anytone & Baofeng radios
require an
antenna with an SMA Female fitting.
Most Wouxun KG-UVxx models require an SMA Male fitting.
Baofeng UV-3R requires
SMA-Male, UV-3R+ requires SMA-Female

Unlike horseshoes, close doesn't count.
Always confirm the connector type before ordering.

  
SMA FemaleSMA Female
example of SMA Female

SMA RP (Reverse Polarity) and
SMA Male are NOT compatible.
  
  Note: SMA-RP connectors are found on most Wi-Fi Routers.
 
 
Examples of Various SMA Formats
SMA FemaleSMA Female
SMA FemaleSMA Female
 
 

 
SMA Female

Reversed SMA-Male Connectors are
commonly found on Wi-Fi Routers
 

RF Connector Identification Chart



To use an antenna with a BNC Male requires the following adapter:

     SMA Female (above) to mate with the radio
     BNC Female to mate with the BNC Male antenna.

Another option is a jumper (pigtail). This relieves the stress of a heavier cable when using an external mobile or fixed antenna. 

SMA - BNC
 
 
   
SMA-F Antenna Extended Threads
 
Some antennas with SMA-F connectors have an extended thread.  Most radios such as the UV-5R and UV-3R+ require a standard SMA-F.
 
The illustration shows two different Nagoya NA-771 antennas.
Some antennas with extended threads ship with a spacer to fill the gap. 
  
SMA - BNC

Note: If the radio requires extended threads, such as a BF-888S, an antenna with standard threads will not make connection unless you trim the outer shell or lip of the antenna so it is flush with the base.

If the antenna has extended threads and there is a gap or airspace, a #8 O-Ring can be used to fill the gap. Some antennas include this in the package.

If there is no gap or airspace, do Not add the O-Ring. This may actually prevent your antenna from making a good contact and cause damage your radio.

The wrong threads (if too short) will result in poor reception and over heating of the transmitter as there is no solid antenna connection.

 
 
 
    
CLONING CABLES
 
Cloning Cables are used to pass programming information from one handheld to another without the use of software.
 
These cables can be found on Amazon.com
(Kenwood Cable Copy)
 
  
Note: Due to the many changes in the UV5R / UV82 firmware, there is no one procedure that consistently works for all.  In some newer models, the cloning option was removed completely.  This information is for historical purposes only.

Cloning Process for the UV5R can be found HERE
 
Cloning Process for the UV82 can be found HERE.
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Erratic Charger Behavior
This includes: Battery not charging, Light staying Red and Erratic Light behavior.
 
On many chargers, internal contact to the circuit board is made via tension clips. If there clips do not have the proper tension or the copper pad is not clean or is oxidized, a good contact will not be made. This is normally an easy fix.
 
This brief video will show you the inside of the charger base and a simple fix.
VIDEO
by John Reinhart
 
     

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